Barsukova Svetlana Aleksandrovna, Candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of sociology and human resource management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Redya Galina Pavlovna, Candidate of psychological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of sociology and human resource management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Relevance of the research problem is caused by that role which moral development of the personality plays at this stage of transformation of the modern Russian society. There is a period of formation of new moral values which still hasn’t been completely established in public consciousness and behavior of people. In this regard, in this situation the conscience acts as the main regulator of person’s behavior, having an impact on the system of values, the moral choice, being shown in concrete acts. At historical turning points the Russian intellectuals sought to be the conscience of the nation. The work purpose is to detect peculiarities in the ideas of conscience by doctors and teachers.
Materials and methods. Realization of the research tasks was achieved on the basis of the quantitative and qualitative analyses of surveys filled by representatives of the mass intellectuals – teachers and doctors – carried out by the method of the in complete offer, and checked on reliability of distinctions by the method of Fisher’s mathematical statistics.
Results. The authors investigated the features of the ideas of conscience by the representatives of the mass intellectuals - teachers and doctors, and analyzed the content of the kernel and the periphery of social ideas of conscience.
Conclusions. The researchers revealed that doctors are more inclined to refer conscience to manifestation of internal experience concerning correspondence of the acts and views with the ideal «I», and pedagogical workers in understanding of conscience are guided by norms and rules of society more often. Such ideals of the civil society as freedom, responsibility and moral maturity can be supported by approximately 20 % of doctors and 15 % of teachers.
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